Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Afghanistan
Albania 13.6 9.7 10.8 9.8 9.2
Algeria 16.8 15.8 16.5 17.8 16.8
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola
Antigua and Barbuda 21.7 21.1 20.3 21.8 22.5
Argentina 13.3 12.5 12.1 12.5 13.7
Armenia 11.2 11.2 11.2 11.1 11.9
Aruba 21.1 26.2 23.9 22.6 23.3
Australia 17.9 17.8 17.5 17.5 17.8
Austria 19.3 19.3 19.4 19.3 19.6
Azerbaijan 12.8 12.0 12.6 15.2 15.6
Bahamas, The 13.9 14.3 11.7 11.1 10.7
Bahrain 20.8 20.2 19.5 20.8 20.8
Bangladesh 4.6 4.4 4.4 4.7 4.6
Barbados 12.1 13.0 12.7 13.2 12.7
Belarus 20.6 20.6 20.3 19.9 19.5
Belgium 21.2 21.6 21.0 20.9 21.1
Belize 14.3 14.1 14.5 14.3 13.5
Benin 14.4 13.5 13.2 13.1 13.0
Bermuda
Bhutan 11.9 20.8 21.9 19.5 18.1
Bolivia 13.6 13.3 13.9 14.2 14.8
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana 30.1 26.2 28.2 30.1 27.4
Brazil 21.0 20.1 19.9 20.6 20.3
Brunei Darussalam 26.8 25.2 25.2 29.9 28.6
Bulgaria 16.7 12.2 11.6 14.7 16.9
Burkina Faso 25.2 24.4 23.7 22.3 17.8
Burundi 19.1 20.0 16.8 17.1 18.2
Cabo Verde
Cambodia 5.8 5.7 5.5 4.8 4.9
Cameroon 8.7 9.2 9.1 9.1 9.5
Canada 21.7 20.9 20.0 20.0 19.3
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 14.9 12.9 11.9 11.5 17.0
Chad 7.3 7.9 6.5 5.6 6.9
Chile 10.4 11.0 11.1 11.5 12.4
China 13.8 14.0 14.2 14.6 15.3
Colombia 15.2 18.5 20.4 20.8 22.7
Comoros 22.3 19.0 17.6 15.7 14.7
Congo, Dem. Rep. 4.9 6.2 7.8 8.1 5.9
Congo, Rep. 15.7 12.8 20.9 24.2 15.1
Costa Rica 13.5 13.4 13.1 13.0 12.5
Cote d'Ivoire 10.6 10.5 7.0 6.5 6.5
Croatia 24.9 22.5 21.7 22.7 23.5
Cuba 24.4 26.6 26.8 27.7 28.9
Curacao
Cyprus 13.5 15.4 16.8 16.6 17.4
Czech Republic 19.9 19.3 20.0 19.0 19.9
Denmark 24.1 24.1 23.6 24.1 24.4
Djibouti 34.9 30.1 30.6 26.3 29.5
Dominica 20.4 20.2 21.6 21.9 22.0
Dominican Republic 4.6 4.8 6.5 6.8 7.2
Ecuador 11.2 10.9 11.3 11.1 11.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 10.5 10.4 11.3 11.3 11.6
El Salvador 8.6 9.3 9.1 9.7 10.0
Equatorial Guinea 18.3 18.5 12.9 21.7 10.2
Eritrea 43.9 38.7 29.9 52.3 69.5
Estonia 24.7 22.4 20.2 20.1 21.3
Ethiopia 10.8 10.6 10.9 15.3 20.4
Faeroe Islands
Fiji 16.1 15.9 16.8 17.4 15.9
Finland 21.9 22.2 21.4 20.6 20.3
France 22.9 23.2 23.1 22.4 22.4
French Polynesia 20.0 20.3 20.4 22.0 22.4
Gabon 11.8 11.2 10.8 15.5 11.8
Gambia, The 11.6 11.4 11.3 10.0 10.3
Georgia 10.9 7.7 10.2 11.1 10.6
Germany 19.2 19.5 19.1 18.9 19.0
Ghana 12.1 12.0 12.4 10.3 10.8
Greece 17.4 17.2 17.2 17.0 17.1
Greenland
Grenada 16.6 16.4 16.7 16.4 14.7
Guam
Guatemala 5.5 5.1 5.0 5.7 6.3
Guinea 7.5 7.5 7.4 6.8 7.0
Guinea-Bissau 6.4 6.6 7.0 9.3 10.8
Guyana 15.0 16.2 17.5 18.4 19.0
Haiti 7.3 8.9 7.9 7.4 7.3
Honduras 9.3 9.5 8.8 10.1 11.3
Hong Kong SAR, China 8.0 8.1 8.0 9.0 9.6
Hungary 23.0 21.7 21.3 20.9 21.2
Iceland 21.2 21.1 20.8 21.1 22.0
India 11.1 10.9 11.6 12.5 12.8
Indonesia 7.8 7.6 6.8 5.7 6.6
Iran, Islamic Rep. 16.0 14.2 13.1 14.3 12.8
Iraq
Ireland 17.3 16.6 16.1 15.3 14.8
Isle of Man
Israel 26.6 27.0 26.7 26.2 25.7
Italy 17.5 17.7 17.8 17.7 17.7
Jamaica 11.1 13.4 15.2 14.8 13.7
Japan 15.2 15.4 15.4 15.9 16.5
Jordan 23.6 24.5 25.6 24.4 24.0
Kazakhstan 13.6 12.9 12.4 10.8 11.5
Kenya 14.8 15.2 15.5 16.2 15.8
Kiribati
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Korea, Rep. 10.4 10.7 10.6 11.7 11.3
Kosovo
Kuwait 32.2 27.3 26.6 30.5 26.9
Kyrgyz Republic 19.5 18.5 17.3 17.9 19.1
Lao PDR
Latvia 24.4 21.6 20.8 23.5 22.7
Lebanon 12.4 14.4 17.0 16.7 16.9
Lesotho 32.9 31.3 33.2 38.4 36.3
Liberia
Libya 22.3 23.8 23.6 26.2 21.9
Liechtenstein
Lithuania 20.8 21.4 22.1 23.9 22.0
Luxembourg 15.1 15.5 15.8 15.0 14.7
Macao SAR, China 9.2 10.1 11.0 12.5 14.6
Macedonia, FYR 18.6 18.1 19.7 20.3 20.6
Madagascar 6.7 9.8 7.8 7.8 7.2
Malawi 21.0 14.0 17.5 14.7 13.4
Malaysia 12.4 11.1 10.8 9.8 11.0
Maldives 16.8 15.9 17.7 18.3 20.6
Mali 9.7 10.2 12.0 14.7 15.9
Malta 18.6 20.0 19.4 19.4 18.8
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 10.7 11.1 10.8 12.4 19.3
Mauritius 14.2 14.3 14.1 13.7 14.3
Mexico 13.2 12.5 12.1 11.6 11.4
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova 27.1 27.1 18.4 14.0 10.4
Monaco
Mongolia 11.1 12.6 12.2 15.6 14.6
Montenegro
Morocco 19.1 17.2 17.9 16.7 18.0
Mozambique 8.1 6.3 6.8 7.7 8.5
Myanmar
Namibia 25.1 25.0 25.0 24.5 25.1
Nepal 9.2 9.2 8.9 9.3 8.9
Netherlands 22.5 21.5 21.0 20.8 20.6
New Caledonia
New Zealand 17.2 17.0 17.8 17.7 18.0
Nicaragua 7.5 7.3 6.9 7.1 8.2
Niger 13.9 11.5 14.1 13.7 16.0
Nigeria 12.1 10.0 13.0 14.0 7.0
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 21.6 20.9 20.6 22.0 21.6
Oman 25.1 23.7 23.2 25.9 23.8
Pakistan 11.7 12.6 11.9 11.3 10.4
Palau
Panama 15.1 13.5 12.5 12.7 13.0
Papua New Guinea 17.1 19.9 19.3 18.1 16.9
Paraguay 8.9 9.6 10.2 10.5 10.3
Peru 10.1 10.6 10.5 11.2 11.7
Philippines 11.4 11.9 13.2 13.3 12.2
Poland 19.5 19.0 18.5 18.0 18.1
Portugal 17.6 17.8 17.7 18.0 18.2
Puerto Rico 13.9 14.3 14.3 13.1 13.0
Qatar 31.9 33.0 29.8 31.6 25.7
Romania 13.7 13.1 12.3 7.1 5.7
Russian Federation 19.1 19.5 21.1 18.7 14.6
Rwanda 10.3 11.5 9.6 10.0 13.9
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia 23.6 24.5 26.2 28.4 25.5
Senegal 13.3 13.8 13.4 12.8 13.3
Serbia 17.9 19.1 21.7 19.6 18.8
Seychelles 27.5 29.4 29.5 31.2 26.9
Sierra Leone 8.8 10.9 9.0 8.9 11.5
Singapore 8.1 8.9 8.7 9.6 9.5
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 20.3 22.5 20.5 21.1 19.3
Slovenia 18.0 17.8 17.7 17.7 17.9
Solomon Islands 26.2 20.8 22.5
Somalia
South Africa 18.1 19.1 19.3 18.9 18.5
South Sudan
Spain 17.7 17.5 17.1 16.9 16.8
Sri Lanka 11.5 10.5 10.4 9.8 9.0
St. Kitts and Nevis 20.3 19.9 19.3 19.1 21.2
St. Lucia 15.1 15.6 17.4 17.7 17.7
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 28.3 28.5 19.0 18.3 18.6
Sudan 5.5 5.6 5.4 6.2 6.5
Suriname 25.3 29.0 27.6 38.8 27.0
Swaziland 15.4 17.2 20.7 20.7 19.7
Sweden 25.5 25.9 25.4 25.5 25.4
Switzerland 11.4 11.5 11.2 10.9 10.8
Syrian Arab Republic 13.4 11.8 10.6 10.8 10.6
Tajikistan 15.8 16.8 16.5 9.5 9.9
Tanzania 11.5 11.6 8.3 12.2 11.6
Thailand 9.9 10.2 10.1 11.1 11.5
Timor-Leste
Togo 12.1 12.0 10.3 10.9 9.7
Tonga 16.8 17.6 19.1 18.5 18.8
Trinidad and Tobago 11.9 12.7 11.6 11.8 10.9
Tunisia 16.3 15.6 16.3 16.4 16.3
Turkey 10.8 11.6 12.3 10.3 12.2
Turkmenistan 11.9 7.8 13.2 16.2 11.9
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 11.2 11.8 13.3 12.9 12.9
Ukraine 21.3 21.8 27.4 24.6 19.8
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom 18.0 17.6 17.0 16.8 17.4
United States 14.9 14.5 14.2 14.0 14.1
Uruguay 11.8 12.8 11.0 10.9 12.2
Uzbekistan 22.3 22.1 20.5 20.5 20.6
Vanuatu 26.4 28.7 20.8 20.2 21.6
Venezuela, RB 7.1 5.0 13.5 13.5 12.3
Vietnam 8.2 8.4 8.1 7.6 6.8
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza 18.4 21.8 22.1 22.3 23.4
Yemen, Rep. 14.4 14.0 15.6 16.3 14.8
Zambia
Zimbabwe 18.0 16.9 16.3 15.8 17.8

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