Country name 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
Afghanistan
Albania 9.3 9.3 9.6 9.5 8.8
Algeria 16.7 19.0 19.4 20.1 18.0
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 33.3
Antigua and Barbuda 18.1 18.2 16.6 19.4 19.0
Argentina 4.7 4.3 4.5
Armenia
Aruba
Australia 18.8 18.9 18.8 18.0 17.3
Austria 18.3 18.5 18.5 18.3 18.0
Azerbaijan
Bahamas, The 12.5 12.1 12.0 13.6
Bahrain 22.8 27.2 24.4 24.4 24.6
Bangladesh 4.0 4.2 4.1 4.2 4.2
Barbados 18.9 17.7 17.1 17.3 17.9
Belarus
Belgium 22.7 22.6 22.4 21.0 20.3
Belize 21.1 20.5 17.9 16.6 15.2
Benin 15.4 15.3 15.5 13.2 11.1
Bermuda
Bhutan 23.7 18.6 14.0 12.6 19.6
Bolivia 10.6 9.4 11.1 11.4 11.9
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana 23.0 24.0 26.9 23.9 22.7
Brazil 9.9 10.7 12.2 12.6 15.5
Brunei Darussalam 24.3
Bulgaria 16.6 16.9 16.9 16.3 16.5
Burkina Faso 17.3 19.0 19.9 20.0 20.1
Burundi 7.8 9.8 9.7 10.7 10.2
Cabo Verde
Cambodia
Cameroon 9.0 11.3 12.2 10.7 10.8
Canada 21.8 21.9 21.2 21.1 21.4
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 15.1 15.6 17.5 16.1 15.8
Chad 11.7 13.9 15.8 12.7 15.0
Chile 13.4 12.6 10.9 10.5 10.3
China 14.4 14.7 13.9 13.1 13.8
Colombia 10.7 9.8 8.7 8.6 9.2
Comoros 27.5 27.6 27.3 27.1 27.6
Congo, Dem. Rep. 7.7 8.0 9.9 12.7 10.1
Congo, Rep. 16.5 25.0 20.6 21.0 19.5
Costa Rica 13.5 13.0 12.2 12.5 13.6
Cote d'Ivoire 14.1 15.1 16.3 17.1 18.3
Croatia
Cuba 31.1 32.1 32.0 31.8 31.7
Curacao
Cyprus 14.1 14.1 16.6 16.7 16.0
Czech Republic
Denmark 24.2 23.0 24.2 24.6 24.3
Djibouti
Dominica 22.5 20.5 20.0 19.3 20.9
Dominican Republic 7.5 7.1 5.8 5.6 5.6
Ecuador 14.8 15.6 15.3 16.3 13.7
Egypt, Arab Rep. 17.2 16.5 14.3 13.9 12.6
El Salvador 15.5 14.2 13.7 12.7 12.2
Equatorial Guinea 16.9 18.7 15.1 20.5 16.6
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia 13.1 13.6 13.5 15.7 17.0
Faeroe Islands
Fiji 19.1 17.3 17.4 14.4 17.3
Finland 19.7 20.0 20.3 19.6 19.5
France 22.4 22.1 21.9 21.5 20.9
French Polynesia
Gabon 20.4 25.8 24.6 19.8 14.2
Gambia, The 15.9 18.4 21.7 17.8 14.4
Georgia 12.8 13.1 13.4 13.6 11.8
Germany 20.5 20.4 20.6 20.3 19.4
Ghana 9.4 11.1 10.6 9.7 9.8
Greece 18.9 17.9 18.3 16.1 17.1
Greenland
Grenada 19.5 18.6 20.4 18.9 22.4
Guam
Guatemala 7.0 7.1 7.9 8.0 7.9
Guinea 11.4 11.9 11.2 11.7
Guinea-Bissau 17.9 13.2 10.7 9.6 11.2
Guyana 18.1 31.5 27.4 28.1 16.5
Haiti
Honduras 13.1 14.3 14.2 14.1 14.3
Hong Kong SAR, China 7.0 7.0 6.3 6.1 6.3
Hungary
Iceland 17.6 18.0 18.9 19.9 19.3
India 11.5 12.1 12.5 12.2 12.2
Indonesia 11.2 11.0 9.4 8.5 8.7
Iran, Islamic Rep. 17.2 16.4 15.4 16.3 13.1
Iraq
Ireland 20.7 20.9 19.8 18.0 16.7
Isle of Man
Israel 36.3 30.9 34.0 31.6 29.4
Italy 18.3 18.0 18.8 19.2 19.0
Jamaica 14.9 14.3 13.8 14.4 12.9
Japan 13.9 13.9 13.9 13.5 13.4
Jordan 27.0 25.3 25.7 25.7 25.5
Kazakhstan
Kenya 17.5 18.3 18.6 18.4 18.1
Kiribati 54.5 54.0 50.7 45.9 53.2
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Korea, Rep. 10.4 10.2 9.9 10.0 10.7
Kuwait 22.4 27.0 22.0 26.3 25.4
Kyrgyz Republic 22.8 22.0 19.7
Lao PDR 8.7 8.6 8.3 10.9
Latvia
Lebanon 18.1
Lesotho 17.1 16.7 31.0 33.1 28.6
Liberia 27.0 22.0
Libya
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg 15.2 14.9 15.8 15.0 14.6
Macao SAR, China 7.2 7.5 7.3 8.0 9.1
Macedonia, FYR
Madagascar 9.8 8.8 9.1 8.1 8.8
Malawi 17.7 19.7 19.1 15.7 16.3
Malaysia 14.8 16.4 14.9 14.2 14.1
Maldives
Mali 11.4 14.9 14.2 13.7 13.6
Malta 16.4 16.1 16.5 16.0 16.5
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 29.1 23.6 24.4 24.3 25.3
Mauritius 11.5 10.5 11.7 12.7 12.2
Mexico 9.2 9.1 8.8 8.4 8.3
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova
Monaco
Mongolia 23.2 26.2 26.3 25.7 23.2
Montenegro
Morocco 18.2 18.1 19.1 18.1 17.8
Mozambique 12.9 13.2 11.1 11.9 13.1
Myanmar
Namibia 21.9 22.9 24.5 23.3 21.9
Nepal 9.4 9.1 9.1 9.0 10.0
Netherlands 22.4 22.3 23.2 22.6 21.9
New Caledonia 37.8 40.7
New Zealand 17.9 17.7 17.5 17.6 17.8
Nicaragua 35.7 35.4 34.2 32.2 26.7
Niger 10.8 11.3 11.2 15.5 15.7
Nigeria 12.7 12.6 7.2 7.6 5.4
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 17.9 19.0 20.0 19.9 20.0
Oman 27.1 33.2 30.4 29.6 27.1
Pakistan 12.1 12.8 13.5 15.5 16.8
Palau
Panama 19.6 20.5 22.0 20.9 19.3
Papua New Guinea 23.5 23.0 22.4 20.9 24.5
Paraguay
Peru 12.0 12.8 12.5 8.7 8.8
Philippines 7.6 8.0 8.4 9.0 9.5
Poland
Portugal 13.6 13.4 13.3 13.8 14.5
Puerto Rico 15.1 14.7 14.4 14.2 14.4
Qatar
Romania
Russian Federation 20.1
Rwanda 11.3 11.9 13.5 13.5 12.7
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia 31.9 34.7 35.2 30.9 33.6
Senegal 17.4 17.6 17.5 18.1 17.8
Serbia
Seychelles 34.6 38.8 34.4 31.8 33.3
Sierra Leone 7.9 6.3 9.4 6.7 7.3
Singapore 13.4 12.7 11.5 9.9 9.7
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic
Slovenia
Solomon Islands
Somalia
South Africa 18.2 18.8 19.2 18.5 19.2
South Sudan
Spain 15.2 15.0 15.5 15.4 15.9
Sri Lanka 10.2 10.3 9.9 9.8 10.5
St. Kitts and Nevis 22.5 19.8 19.4 17.6 17.4
St. Lucia 17.3 20.0 19.2 16.9 17.9
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 19.7 19.6 19.9 18.1 19.2
Sudan 12.3 13.8 12.8 7.0 7.0
Suriname 33.7 36.8 37.6 36.5 30.0
Swaziland 20.8 20.1 19.4 17.5 17.4
Sweden 25.6 25.3 24.6 23.9 24.2
Switzerland 10.0 10.2 10.1 10.3 10.7
Syrian Arab Republic 23.8 21.5 18.0 13.2 16.0
Taiwan, China
Tajikistan 8.1 8.5 8.7 8.0 8.7
Tanzania
Thailand 13.5 12.8 11.3 10.0 9.5
Timor-Leste
Togo 13.1 17.6 18.0 13.5 13.8
Tonga 16.0 15.8 16.7 16.3 17.4
Trinidad and Tobago 22.7 23.4 21.6 15.7 13.3
Tunisia 17.0 17.8 16.9 16.6 17.3
Turkey 7.5 7.6 7.8 7.6 9.3
Turkmenistan 21.3 21.6 22.5
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 14.5 9.0 8.0 8.1 7.0
Ukraine 17.3
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom 19.7 19.7 19.0 18.2 17.8
United States 15.8 16.0 15.9 15.6 15.6
Uruguay 14.4 14.3 13.2 12.2 12.3
Uzbekistan 1.4 2.2 3.4
Vanuatu 34.4 37.2 35.8 34.2 30.3
Venezuela, RB 10.8 11.1 10.5 10.5 9.6
Vietnam 7.8
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza
Yemen, Rep.
Zambia 23.9 26.9 20.4 14.9 13.7
Zimbabwe 20.2 20.6 23.4 27.5 18.7

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