Country name 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984
Afghanistan
Albania 9.0 8.5 8.6 8.8 9.4
Algeria 15.2 15.1 16.2 16.2 16.0
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola
Antigua and Barbuda 19.3 18.9 19.0 20.1 18.5
Argentina
Armenia
Aruba
Australia 17.1 17.7 17.7 18.6 18.2
Austria 17.3 17.7 18.1 18.1 18.2
Azerbaijan
Bahamas, The 12.5 13.8 13.2 13.7 12.9
Bahrain 13.0 14.5 17.0 18.1 20.6
Bangladesh 6.1 4.4 4.4 4.3 4.3
Barbados 14.9 16.9 16.5 16.3 16.8
Belarus
Belgium 22.8 24.0 23.6 23.3 23.2
Belize 17.2 19.0 23.5 23.7 19.8
Benin 8.6 9.2 10.5 14.4 13.6
Bermuda
Bhutan 22.9 19.3 19.8 20.4 23.6
Bolivia 13.8 13.3 11.8 9.0 13.3
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana 21.3 24.8 26.1 25.8 25.0
Brazil 0.0
Brunei Darussalam 8.3 4.4 5.5 9.5
Bulgaria 13.7 14.7 15.0 15.5 15.1
Burkina Faso 9.2 9.3 13.8 14.4 13.0
Burundi 9.2 9.1 10.7 8.3 7.8
Cabo Verde
Cambodia
Cameroon 9.7 8.9 8.8 9.5 9.6
Canada 21.4 21.3 23.0 22.7 21.8
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 15.1 15.0 15.9 16.9 14.2
Chad 5.5 6.1 10.0
Chile 12.5 13.2 15.3 14.2 14.5
China 14.9 15.0 15.2 15.0 15.3
Colombia 10.1 10.4 10.9 11.0 11.0
Comoros 30.9 30.9 29.9 28.4 28.3
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Congo, Rep. 17.6 13.4 13.5 15.5 14.8
Costa Rica 18.2 15.7 14.6 12.5 13.1
Cote d'Ivoire 16.9 17.6 17.4 16.9 15.2
Croatia
Cuba 31.6 31.7 31.7 31.7 31.7
Curacao
Cyprus 13.7 14.6 14.8 15.1 14.1
Czech Republic
Denmark 25.8 26.6 27.0 26.3 24.5
Djibouti
Dominica 27.3 25.4 24.5 24.2 24.8
Dominican Republic 7.6 9.5 9.8 9.1 8.4
Ecuador 18.3 15.9 17.3 15.4 16.2
Egypt, Arab Rep. 15.7 19.0 17.8 17.2 18.0
El Salvador 14.0 15.8 15.8 15.8 16.0
Equatorial Guinea 84.5 70.4 45.6 30.1 24.0
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia 12.5 13.6 14.8 14.7
Faeroe Islands
Fiji 15.9 16.4 18.3 20.3 19.2
Finland 17.7 18.4 18.5 18.8 19.0
France 20.9 21.6 22.0 22.2 22.4
French Polynesia
Gabon 13.2 14.2 15.7 17.2 18.3
Gambia, The 31.2 46.0 31.9 39.4 54.5
Georgia 13.3 12.2 12.3 12.1 12.1
Germany 20.8 21.3 21.0 20.8 20.6
Ghana 11.2 8.8 6.5 5.9 7.3
Greece 15.3 16.8 17.1 17.6 18.2
Greenland
Grenada 20.4 20.1 18.7 18.3 20.7
Guam
Guatemala 8.0 7.9 7.7 7.6 7.7
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau 27.6 28.5 29.4 25.5 15.4
Guyana 24.2 29.1 25.8 27.1 18.1
Haiti
Honduras 12.7 12.8 13.1 13.1 13.2
Hong Kong SAR, China 5.6 6.8 7.2 7.4 6.8
Hungary
Iceland 16.9 17.2 18.1 18.2 16.7
India 10.1 10.1 10.7 10.6 10.9
Indonesia 10.5 11.0 11.5 10.4 10.1
Iran, Islamic Rep. 22.5 22.7 19.6 17.6 16.4
Iraq
Ireland 22.2 22.2 22.1 21.6 20.9
Isle of Man
Israel 40.1 41.5 38.3 35.4 38.2
Italy 16.6 17.9 18.0 18.4 18.2
Jamaica 20.2 20.6 22.0 20.1 16.5
Japan 14.1 14.1 14.2 14.5 14.3
Jordan 29.2 31.5 29.0 26.5 28.0
Kazakhstan
Kenya 19.8 18.6 18.4 18.4 17.4
Kiribati 59.2 57.9 54.0 48.8 47.1
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Korea, Rep. 11.7 11.7 11.6 11.0 10.4
Kuwait 11.2 14.2 19.3 21.2 20.9
Kyrgyz Republic
Lao PDR 6.5
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho 21.8 20.9 13.3 13.0 12.9
Liberia 21.3 24.9 28.1 24.8 22.0
Libya
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg 16.2 16.9 15.9 15.3 14.9
Macao SAR, China 5.8 5.6 6.1
Macedonia, FYR
Madagascar 12.1 11.6 10.6 9.6 9.8
Malawi 19.3 17.9 17.5 16.4 15.7
Malaysia 16.0 17.5 17.7 15.2 14.3
Maldives
Mali 11.6 11.0 11.1 11.1 10.6
Malta 14.9 16.0 17.0 16.6 16.1
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 45.3 38.8 32.1 33.0 30.7
Mauritius 14.0 13.9 13.8 13.3 12.7
Mexico 10.0 10.8 10.5 8.8 9.2
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 58.3
Middle East (developing only)
Moldova
Monaco
Mongolia 24.9 22.6 21.4 22.3
Montenegro
Morocco 18.0 19.0 18.7 18.2 17.4
Mozambique 12.2 14.0 14.2 20.8 15.1
Myanmar
Namibia 14.1 20.6 21.5 22.1 22.2
Nepal 6.7 7.0 8.5 10.1 9.3
Netherlands 23.1 23.1 23.6 23.5 22.1
New Caledonia 30.7 32.9 34.9 36.4
New Zealand 19.5 19.2 19.1 18.3 17.7
Nicaragua 19.7 21.9 23.4 31.4 35.3
Niger 10.4 10.9 11.3 11.2 10.2
Nigeria 14.7 15.7 15.3 13.2
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 18.7 18.6 19.0 19.0 18.2
Oman 25.0 24.6 26.1 26.6 26.5
Pakistan 10.0 10.2 10.3 11.4 12.1
Palau
Panama 17.6 17.0 19.1 18.7 19.8
Papua New Guinea 24.1 27.0 26.8 23.3 23.3
Paraguay
Peru 13.7 13.5 14.2 13.8 12.1
Philippines 9.1 8.8 9.1 8.3 7.0
Poland
Portugal 12.7 13.2 13.1 13.2 13.2
Puerto Rico 15.8 15.7 14.4 14.9 15.1
Qatar
Romania 12.3 10.5
Russian Federation
Rwanda 12.5 20.0 12.9 11.8 10.2
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia 15.9 19.5 26.2 29.8 30.1
Senegal 24.8 23.1 19.9 18.9 18.0
Serbia
Seychelles 28.7 31.5 34.9 32.8 30.7
Sierra Leone 8.4 7.0 8.6 8.9 6.9
Singapore 9.7 9.4 10.7 10.7 10.6
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic
Slovenia
Solomon Islands
Somalia 15.6 22.1 13.3 19.8 17.0
South Africa 14.3 14.9 16.4 16.4 17.6
South Sudan
Spain 13.6 14.6 14.7 15.2 14.9
Sri Lanka 8.5 7.4 8.3 8.1 7.8
St. Kitts and Nevis 20.9 26.0 22.6 22.9 24.0
St. Lucia 17.5 17.0 24.0 22.4 19.2
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 23.0 23.2 23.4 23.0 22.5
Sudan 16.0 12.9 9.9 9.5 9.7
Suriname 21.3 24.2 28.4 24.7 28.9
Swaziland 27.0 26.7 24.2 21.6 20.6
Sweden 27.3 27.6 27.5 26.9 25.9
Switzerland 9.4 9.6 9.8 10.1 9.9
Syrian Arab Republic 23.2 20.8 22.0 22.0 24.5
Tajikistan
Tanzania
Thailand 12.3 12.8 13.1 12.9 13.2
Timor-Leste
Togo 22.4 19.1 19.1 17.2 15.7
Tonga 14.8 14.0 16.9 14.3 15.8
Trinidad and Tobago 12.1 12.8 21.0 20.9 22.4
Tunisia 14.5 14.8 16.5 16.9 16.9
Turkey 11.6 9.8 9.9 9.4 8.3
Turkmenistan
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 11.2 10.2 11.0
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom 20.7 21.1 21.0 20.8 20.5
United States 15.9 15.8 16.5 16.3 15.6
Uruguay 12.5 14.4 15.7 14.5 13.6
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu 27.0 23.6 24.6 33.4 30.5
Venezuela, RB 11.8 12.7 12.5 11.8 10.7
Vietnam
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza
Yemen, Rep.
Zambia 25.5 28.3 27.7 24.1 25.1
Zimbabwe 18.5 16.2 18.6 17.3 20.0

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