Country name 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
Greenland 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Djibouti 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Oman 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Botswana 0.4 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.3
Suriname 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.4
Brunei Darussalam 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
New Caledonia 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3
Mauritania 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4
Papua New Guinea 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Mongolia 0.8 0.8 0.5 0.5 0.5
Solomon Islands 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6
Bahamas, The 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Kuwait 0.4 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7
French Polynesia 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Cayman Islands 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
United Arab Emirates 0.5 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.8
Namibia 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Libya 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Turks and Caicos Islands 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1
Qatar 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.0
Gabon 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Iceland 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Congo, Rep. 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Singapore 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 0.9
Vanuatu 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Somalia 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.9 2.0
Saudi Arabia 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Faeroe Islands 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Palau 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
Seychelles 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
Northern Mariana Islands 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
Jordan 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.0
Colombia 2.3 2.5 2.2 2.0 2.0
Guyana 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3
Chile 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.2 2.0
Angola 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.6
Norway 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.9 2.9
Kiribati 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Yemen, Rep. 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.4
Malaysia 2.9 2.9 2.8 5.5 5.5
Bhutan 3.8 2.7 2.8 2.8 2.8
Bahrain 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.4
Belize 2.8 2.8 2.8 3.1 3.1
Egypt, Arab Rep. 3.0 2.8 2.9 2.9 2.9
Bolivia 2.8 2.9 2.9 2.9 3.2
Venezuela, RB 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0
Chad 2.9 2.9 3.1 2.9 3.0
Central African Republic 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1
Algeria 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.2
St. Lucia 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3
Peru 3.3 3.4 3.3 2.9 2.9
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6
Zambia 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.5 3.9
Mali 3.7 3.7 3.7 4.0 4.9
Guam 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.7
Costa Rica 4.3 4.1 4.1 3.9 4.1
Liberia 4.2 4.2 4.2 3.9 3.9
Lao PDR 3.8 4.0 4.2 4.1 4.2
Turkmenistan 3.9 4.1 4.3 3.5 3.6
Equatorial Guinea 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.6
Hong Kong SAR, China 4.8 4.8 4.8
Samoa 5.8 4.9 4.9 4.6 4.6
Canada 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0
Madagascar 5.0 5.0 5.1 5.1 5.1
Mozambique 5.0 5.0 5.1 5.7 5.7
Andorra 4.9 4.9 5.1 5.3 5.3
Marshall Islands 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.6
Eritrea 4.9 5.5 5.6 5.6 5.9
Tajikistan 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.6
New Zealand 5.9 5.7 5.7 1.8 1.6
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.7
Trinidad and Tobago 6.8 6.8 5.8 5.8 5.8
Grenada 2.9 2.9 5.9 5.9 5.9
Ecuador 6.5 6.5 6.0 5.5 5.2
Australia 5.9 6.2 6.5 6.2 6.1
Sweden 6.7 6.6 6.6 6.5 6.5
Dominica 5.3 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7
Sudan 6.9 6.8 6.9 7.0 7.6
Kyrgyz Republic 7.1 7.1 7.0 7.0 7.0
Brazil 6.9 6.9 7.1 7.3 7.6
Finland 7.1 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.3
Sao Tome and Principe 6.3 6.3 7.3 7.3 8.3
Puerto Rico 6.2 6.7 7.3 7.7 7.3
Panama 7.1 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4
Russian Federation 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.5 7.5
Paraguay 7.4 7.6 7.8 8.1 8.3
Uruguay 7.7 7.8 7.8 7.4 7.4
Kazakhstan 8.1 8.0 8.2 8.4 8.4
Slovenia 8.5 8.6 8.6 8.3 8.6
Cote d'Ivoire 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.5
Guinea 9.0 8.7 9.0 9.7 10.1
Kenya 9.0 8.6 9.0 8.9 9.0
Antigua and Barbuda 9.1 9.1 9.1 9.1 9.1
Fiji 9.3 9.3 9.3 9.3 9.3
Zimbabwe 9.2 9.3 9.3 9.4 9.4
Sierra Leone 6.7 6.8 9.4 12.4 13.1
Honduras 13.1 9.5 9.5 9.5 9.5
Tanzania 9.8 9.7 9.6 9.7 9.6
Iran, Islamic Rep. 10.0 9.2 9.7 9.8 9.9
Timor-Leste 8.1 8.1 9.8 9.8 10.1
Iraq 10.4 9.4 9.8 10.6 10.3
Ethiopia 10.0 10.0 9.9 9.6 10.9
Maldives 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0
Argentina 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.2 10.5
Swaziland 10.3 10.3 10.3 10.3 10.3
Switzerland 10.4 10.3 10.4 10.2 10.2
Uzbekistan 10.5 10.5 10.5 10.5 10.6
Cyprus 10.9 10.6 10.6 10.8 12.4
Guinea-Bissau 10.0 10.7 10.7 10.0 9.6
Lesotho 10.7 10.9 10.9 9.9 9.9
Niger 11.0 11.0 11.0 11.0 11.1
Aruba 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1
Indonesia 10.9 11.3 11.2 11.1 12.4
South Africa 11.3 11.4 11.3 11.3 11.2
Cabo Verde 10.9 10.9 11.4 11.7 11.7
Georgia 11.4 11.4 11.4 11.5 11.5
Lebanon 12.6 12.6 11.7 12.7 13.3
Afghanistan 11.7 11.8 11.8 11.8 11.9
Mexico 11.8 11.8 11.9 12.9 12.9
Japan 12.4 12.3 12.2 12.1 12.1
China 12.7 12.6 12.4 12.8 12.5
American Samoa 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.5 16.7
Cameroon 12.6 12.6 12.6 12.6 12.6
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 12.8 12.8 12.8 12.8 12.8
Jamaica 13.2 12.9 12.9 12.5 12.5
Guatemala 13.0 13.0 13.1 13.3 18.1
Sri Lanka 14.4 14.6 14.6 14.9 15.1
Croatia 19.1 15.1 15.3 15.3 15.5
Myanmar 14.8 15.2 15.3 15.1 15.1
Latvia 15.9 15.6 15.4 15.6 15.4
Israel 15.4 15.6 15.8 16.1 15.4
Nicaragua 15.4 15.9 15.9 16.6 17.0
Estonia 20.3 19.9 16.0 14.5 12.9
Armenia 15.8 15.8 16.0 16.0 16.0
Senegal 15.6 15.8 16.2 16.1 15.5
Nepal 16.4 16.4 16.4 16.4 16.4
Burkina Faso 14.3 13.5 16.4 17.2 18.6
San Marino 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7
Philippines 17.1 16.9 16.7 16.6 16.4
Austria 17.0 17.0 16.8 16.8 16.8
West Bank and Gaza 16.4 16.9 16.9 16.9 16.8
Ireland 15.6 15.6 17.2 17.1 17.2
Korea, Rep. 17.6 17.8 17.5 17.3 17.1
Portugal 18.7 17.8 17.5 17.6 16.7
Ghana 16.9 17.4 17.8 18.4 18.4
Tunisia 18.7 18.4 17.9 17.8 18.0
Dominican Republic 17.6 18.0 18.0 18.0 17.0
Morocco 19.8 19.6 19.0 18.8 20.3
Korea, Dem. Rep. 19.1 19.1 19.1 19.1 19.1
United States 19.1 19.1 19.1 18.9 18.7
Bosnia and Herzegovina 18.6 19.6 19.8 19.5 19.9
Bermuda 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0
Tonga 20.8 20.8 20.8 20.8 20.8
Cambodia 21.0 21.0 21.0 21.0 21.0
Albania 21.1 21.1 21.1 21.1 21.1
Greece 21.4 21.3 21.1 21.1 15.8
Vietnam 18.4 19.9 21.4 21.3 21.2
Benin 20.4 21.1 21.7 22.6 23.5
Azerbaijan 22.1 22.1 22.2 22.2 22.2
Macedonia, FYR 23.1 21.8 22.3 19.6 18.5
United Kingdom 24.5 24.3 23.4 23.9 23.4
Luxembourg 23.9 23.9 23.9 23.9
Liechtenstein 25.0 25.0 24.4 24.4 24.4
Syrian Arab Republic 25.6 24.7 25.2 25.0 25.2
Lithuania 47.1 45.9 26.0 26.1 24.3
Spain 27.0 26.9 26.2 25.9 26.1
Netherlands 27.1 27.0 26.8 27.1 26.8
St. Kitts and Nevis 26.9 26.9 26.9 26.9 26.9
Uganda 25.5 26.5 27.0 28.0 29.3
Pakistan 27.5 27.6 27.9 28.0 28.0
Belgium 28.5 27.9 27.5 27.6
Malta 25.0 25.0 28.1 28.1 29.1
Italy 29.1 28.8 28.4 28.2 27.1
Belarus 30.5 30.2 28.4 27.7 27.5
Slovak Republic 32.0 31.8 30.0 29.3 29.4
Malawi 28.6 29.2 30.2 30.2 31.8
Thailand 31.1 30.6 30.5 30.1 29.8
Turkey 31.5 31.0 30.9 31.2 30.4
Bulgaria 32.3 31.9 31.3 30.8 30.6
Isle of Man 32.1 31.8 31.4 32.5 30.9
Gambia, The 23.7 27.7 31.6 27.7 30.6
Haiti 32.7 32.7 32.7 32.7 32.7
France 33.5 33.5 33.5 33.7 33.7
El Salvador 30.5 31.4 33.8 33.3 32.9
Germany 33.9 33.8 33.9 33.8 33.9
Cuba 33.6 32.6 34.8 35.7 35.3
Barbados 34.9 34.9 34.9 32.6 32.6
Nigeria 38.4 38.4 36.2 35.1 35.1
Burundi 37.4 37.4 38.0 38.4 38.6
Rwanda 35.1 36.5 40.5 45.2 44.3
Romania 40.6 40.8 40.8 40.8 40.8
Czech Republic 42.1 42.0 41.9 41.8 41.7
Comoros 41.9 43.0 43.0 43.0 43.0
Togo 46.1 46.0 43.2 43.7 43.2
Poland 45.9 45.7 44.4 42.5 41.1
Mauritius 43.8 44.3 44.8 43.8 43.3
Hungary 53.6 51.4 51.4 51.4 51.3
India 54.1 54.1 53.9 53.8 53.8
Denmark 54.1 53.8 54.0 53.6 53.4
Ukraine 56.4 56.2 56.2 56.2 56.1
Moldova 55.1 55.6 56.2 56.1 56.1
Bangladesh 64.8 64.1 63.8 63.4 63.2
Serbia
Macao SAR, China
Tuvalu
Montenegro
St. Martin (French part)
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Kosovo
Monaco
Curacao
South Sudan

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