Country name 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993
Brunei Darussalam 33.0 27.7 30.6 41.5 42.1
United Arab Emirates 28.6 30.1 37.4 46.8 50.4
Ghana 45.3 37.5 56.0 55.4 59.9
Angola 37.5 37.6 39.2 41.4 41.5
Sudan 41.5 40.8 49.3 54.8 51.5
Myanmar 43.6 43.0 42.5 46.6 52.2
Sao Tome and Principe 50.3 46.7 49.5 62.7 64.9
Malawi 48.6 46.8 50.5 38.8 51.7
Niger 42.9 47.0 50.1 53.1 48.4
Cambodia 49.1 47.1 46.6 47.0 48.9
Benin 46.8 48.2 52.0 52.5 55.1
Nigeria 45.8 48.2 54.9 59.1 62.8
China 44.3 48.5 49.9 52.6 56.8
Lao PDR 46.4 49.0 43.0 50.6 47.6
Vietnam 48.4 49.3 49.5 53.5 56.0
Guyana 58.1 49.5 60.1 71.9 78.0
Peru 53.8 49.6 51.9 49.2 52.5
Belize 44.2 50.4 48.2 58.6 65.8
Kuwait 66.5 50.5 6.9 18.7 34.7
Syrian Arab Republic 43.6 50.7 49.7 58.4 54.1
Algeria 51.8 50.7 59.5 64.9 62.4
Burkina Faso 49.4 50.9 61.3 63.6 65.6
Nicaragua 48.1 51.1 49.3 51.2 54.3
Brazil 53.5 51.4 53.6 56.7 57.3
Oman 52.4 52.4 54.4 57.2 62.8
Kiribati 62.4 52.7 63.2 63.7 66.2
American Samoa 48.4 52.9 47.3 47.5 49.9
Ecuador 50.1 53.4 56.3 60.8 64.6
Malaysia 51.2 53.5 55.1 57.8 64.6
Egypt, Arab Rep. 44.4 53.7 54.8 58.9 61.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 46.0 54.1 55.0 62.1 65.7
Guatemala 51.8 56.2 57.3 57.8 61.3
Chad 57.5 56.4 66.0 66.4 57.0
Yemen, Rep. 60.4 56.7 52.9 60.7 64.4
Cameroon 54.3 56.9 58.0 59.0 62.1
Mali 57.1 57.0 63.6 56.1 58.5
Sierra Leone 57.7 57.6 57.9 54.3 55.0
Jordan 43.6 57.9 54.7 70.9 64.7
Chile 54.4 58.2 59.9 62.7 66.7
Bolivia 54.8 58.7 59.7 57.1 59.9
Costa Rica 53.5 58.9 63.1 65.8 66.6
Guinea 56.6 59.4 62.3 67.0 68.5
Uruguay 65.7 60.1 59.7 64.4 63.0
Gambia, The 82.2 60.5 67.8 55.1 62.9
Pakistan 58.8 60.6 63.3 64.7 69.3
Central African Republic 60.9 61.5 62.8 65.9 67.0
Guinea-Bissau 59.7 62.1 60.0 63.6 66.9
Solomon Islands 61.9 62.2 66.4 71.3 69.9
Indonesia 60.1 62.3 63.1 68.6 69.6
Tuvalu 69.9 62.3 96.1 107.9 76.7
Mozambique 59.6 62.5 55.3 48.4 54.6
Congo, Rep. 62.5 62.7 60.7 62.1 63.4
Paraguay 60.3 62.7 62.1 64.5 66.2
Tanzania 62.1 63.3 64.2 62.5 63.7
Argentina 55.8 63.4 64.5 64.9 64.3
Togo 61.5 63.7 61.0 61.9 74.2
Kenya 65.5 64.0 65.9 69.8 66.8
Bangladesh 63.6 64.3 65.7 66.6 66.5
Nepal 61.5 64.7 67.8 64.6 71.6
New Zealand 67.1 65.0 69.0 70.9 72.7
Qatar 60.1 65.3 78.7 86.9 85.9
Cabo Verde 71.1 65.9 61.8 74.1 74.9
Mexico 60.9 65.9 68.7 68.9 71.8
Honduras 64.4 66.5 67.1 67.7 68.7
Cote d'Ivoire 62.7 66.8 66.7 69.6 70.7
Uganda 64.0 67.6 68.8 68.6 72.4
Thailand 72.9 67.7 74.9 77.4 77.3
Macao SAR, China 68.3 67.8 66.6 70.1 70.3
Philippines 61.7 68.4 69.1 70.7 71.9
Albania 69.5 68.7 58.3 63.4 72.3
Bhutan 59.8 69.1 69.3 68.6 70.6
Afghanistan 64.2 69.2 70.5 68.3 73.3
Papua New Guinea 68.4 69.3 71.0 74.0 76.3
Dominican Republic 79.5 69.4 73.2 74.8 76.9
Morocco 74.7 69.5 79.1 62.9 63.2
Tunisia 57.4 69.5 87.2 72.5 81.4
India 69.1 70.3 71.3 74.3 77.0
Guam 69.6 70.4 75.5 76.7 79.4
Colombia 67.7 70.7 71.8 69.9 72.1
Saudi Arabia 66.5 71.0 72.6 76.1 73.7
Venezuela, RB 68.6 71.4 72.6 74.9 77.6
Israel 64.4 72.2 65.1 68.5 69.3
Rwanda 75.9 72.4 82.2 86.0 62.2
Bahamas, The 73.6 73.1 65.5 65.3 65.1
Zambia 78.4 73.8 76.6 64.6 85.9
Canada 66.8 73.9 73.3 73.1 72.6
Australia 71.1 74.3 73.5 79.2 83.0
El Salvador 71.9 75.2 80.6 85.0 82.8
Libya 72.1 75.9 77.0 75.8 77.8
Maldives 105.2 76.5 73.5 75.7 90.3
Senegal 84.5 77.1 79.2 72.2 79.2
Liberia 92.1 77.1 66.9 69.2 65.5
Mauritania 74.3 77.2 78.1 75.6 73.0
New Caledonia 75.6 77.8 80.8 85.8 90.2
United States 75.9 77.8 77.0 84.1 76.9
Korea, Rep. 79.7 79.0 78.2 86.2 86.7
Turkey 74.8 79.6 80.6 81.0 80.8
Malta 79.9 79.6 82.3 84.7 85.1
South Africa 79.9 79.7 81.0 69.4 78.3
Comoros 73.7 79.7 81.8 83.7 86.9
Madagascar 80.5 81.3 82.4 83.7 87.2
Namibia 86.8 82.5 88.2 87.5 89.2
Spain 79.4 83.3 80.0 83.2 80.0
Lebanon 77.9 84.0 96.5 101.5 99.6
Equatorial Guinea 61.2 85.4 83.9 81.3 78.5
Iceland 84.9 85.6 87.0 85.6 83.3
Sri Lanka 77.9 85.7 81.9 82.8 88.3
Greece 100.6 86.4 102.3 100.4 98.1
Gabon 86.4 87.3 96.0 93.2 90.9
Trinidad and Tobago 81.4 88.4 88.3 87.6 89.0
Italy 96.1 89.6 99.7 100.6 96.7
Mauritius 86.4 89.6 90.1 94.5 91.7
Samoa 101.0 90.5 77.6 72.4 74.4
Jamaica 74.8 90.7 92.9 98.6 99.8
Bahrain 115.1 90.7 95.8 107.9 105.7
Korea, Dem. Rep. 90.3 90.8 108.6 103.5 102.0
Tonga 91.8 91.0 91.5 89.3 130.4
Somalia 98.1 91.0 74.5 66.4 72.7
Swaziland 89.9 91.3 94.1 93.9 88.4
Panama 90.8 92.3 85.5 87.2 88.8
French Polynesia 85.9 93.0 85.2 82.7 82.8
Zimbabwe 91.7 93.2 87.7 56.5 81.0
Austria 92.7 93.3 93.7 92.7 93.0
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 104.6 93.3 101.1 96.8 95.4
Djibouti 95.6 93.7 70.0 74.0 70.7
Romania 97.9 93.7 94.3 80.9 98.3
Timor-Leste 86.8 93.8 100.4 102.0 103.9
Denmark 89.8 94.6 94.2 91.0 97.6
Antigua and Barbuda 90.3 95.1 97.2 111.2 117.0
Haiti 101.5 96.1 94.2 90.9 82.9
Botswana 90.0 96.7 103.6 100.5 100.1
Ireland 88.9 97.7 98.8 99.8 99.9
Liechtenstein 99.9 98.5 98.3 96.5 93.9
Portugal 91.4 98.7 102.7 91.1 87.9
Cyprus 104.5 98.9 85.7 96.1 103.3
France 98.3 99.5 98.0 105.0 97.5
Faeroe Islands 99.1 99.7 99.5 103.1 104.0
Lesotho 99.6 100.4 75.8 83.4 94.2
Burundi 96.0 102.7 105.6 107.8 105.8
Netherlands 98.1 103.1 101.6 107.4 107.4
Switzerland 106.6 104.8 102.4 108.1 104.0
Greenland 105.8 105.3 110.1 112.1 112.0
United Kingdom 105.7 107.8 109.8 111.1 107.8
Germany 108.5 108.2 101.4 95.2 92.8
Finland 104.4 108.4 98.4 92.5 96.1
Fiji 105.5 108.5 96.7 99.3 99.0
Norway 105.2 109.8 98.2 98.2 99.7
Poland 109.0 110.1 102.9 92.7 99.6
Barbados 107.4 110.1 108.2 97.0 90.3
Sweden 105.8 110.2 93.0 90.1 102.3
Japan 114.6 113.7 110.1 113.6 109.8
Vanuatu 88.2 114.0 99.1 96.8 100.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. 112.4 117.4 121.6 125.0 125.8
Iraq 110.1 117.8 78.9 85.6 102.8
Bermuda 111.8 118.5 115.7 114.0 111.0
Hungary 124.0 118.7 120.7 95.5 86.8
Seychelles 121.4 119.5 122.1 111.0 116.5
Suriname 133.4 121.7 130.3 138.6 124.3
Cayman Islands 224.1 125.7 100.6 118.9 111.5
St. Kitts and Nevis 173.1 126.7 146.4 189.4 156.4
Puerto Rico 140.6 133.8 138.9 132.2 128.2
Mongolia 136.7 135.0 146.1 126.9 111.5
Grenada 137.4 141.3 137.3 135.4 140.0
Cuba 158.4 158.1 146.8 127.5 93.8
Dominica 158.2 159.6 153.2 148.0 151.7
Hong Kong SAR, China 191.7 165.4 140.3 98.3 106.6
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 152.1 166.3 143.1 167.1 148.9
Bulgaria 190.2 178.8 150.8 150.2 119.7
St. Lucia 279.1 301.4 255.1 295.0 300.7
Singapore 511.2 495.1 420.5 342.4 222.8
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Armenia 76.0 57.6
Curacao
West Bank and Gaza
Andorra
Northern Mariana Islands
Czech Republic 127.9
Tajikistan 93.9 84.6
Monaco
Ethiopia 51.6
Kosovo
Ukraine 127.5 124.8
San Marino
Kazakhstan 142.6 126.0
Estonia 160.1 140.7
Serbia 99.6 93.9
Slovenia 76.7 88.0
Slovak Republic 115.8
Marshall Islands 94.7 131.7 102.9
St. Martin (French part)
Bosnia and Herzegovina 91.8 84.3
Turkmenistan 48.7 53.0
Latvia 192.8 173.7
Belarus 107.8 112.4
Belgium
Kyrgyz Republic 77.8 73.9
Turks and Caicos Islands
Russian Federation 121.0 115.1
Palau
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Lithuania 132.3 116.1
Montenegro
Azerbaijan 82.7 68.4
Georgia 104.8 100.0
Uzbekistan 77.0 74.9
Eritrea 62.5
Aruba
Moldova 136.4 161.3
Isle of Man
Croatia 104.2 104.4
Luxembourg
South Sudan
Macedonia, FYR 101.9 77.9

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