Country name 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Afghanistan
Albania 3.6 4.0 4.2 3.7 3.3
Algeria 2.7 3.2 2.8 2.5 2.7
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 2.8 2.7 2.2
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.3 2.1
Armenia 2.7 2.6 2.9 3.2 3.3
Aruba
Australia 4.9 5.0 5.1 5.3 5.2
Austria 5.3 5.3 5.0 5.1 5.2
Azerbaijan 3.9 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.3
Bahamas, The
Bahrain 5.3 5.3 5.5 5.3 4.9
Bangladesh 2.8 3.4 3.4 3.2 3.4
Barbados 3.9 4.3 4.6 4.4 4.2
Belarus
Belgium 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.9 5.1
Belize 3.1
Benin 3.4 4.2 3.7 3.1 3.0
Bermuda
Bhutan 4.3
Bolivia 2.8 2.7 3.0 3.3 3.7
Bosnia and Herzegovina 3.5 3.6 3.4 3.9 4.3
Botswana 4.4 4.7 4.7 4.4 4.2
Brazil 2.9 3.3 3.1 3.1 3.0
Brunei Darussalam 4.6 4.5 4.3 4.5 4.7
Bulgaria 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.9
Burkina Faso 3.8 4.4 4.0 3.8 3.6
Burundi 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.6 2.7
Cabo Verde 3.1 3.2 3.4 3.3
Cambodia 3.3 3.5 3.7 3.9 3.5
Cameroon 3.2 3.8 4.0 4.2 4.0
Canada 4.7 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.8
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic
Chad 2.3 2.7 2.8 2.8 2.2
Chile 5.8 5.7 5.5 5.0 4.9
China 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.2 4.2
Colombia 3.8 4.1 4.0 3.8 3.7
Comoros
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Congo, Rep.
Costa Rica 3.9 4.0 3.9 4.1 4.0
Cote d'Ivoire 3.3 3.8 3.9 3.9 3.4
Croatia 3.8 4.1 4.1 3.9 4.2
Cuba
Curacao
Cyprus 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.7 4.8
Czech Republic 4.6 4.6 4.4 4.4 4.5
Denmark 5.8 5.6 5.7 5.0 4.9
Djibouti
Dominica
Dominican Republic 4.5 4.7 4.4 4.3 4.4
Ecuador 3.1 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.9
Egypt, Arab Rep. 4.0 4.5 4.1 3.7 3.8
El Salvador 4.1 4.2 3.9 3.5 3.4
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia 5.5 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.3
Ethiopia 3.3 3.6 3.5 3.2 3.1
Faeroe Islands
Fiji
Finland 5.7 5.7 6.0 6.1 6.1
France 4.8 4.9 4.9 4.6 4.7
French Polynesia
Gabon 3.6 3.6
Gambia, The 5.1 5.4 5.2 4.9 4.7
Georgia 4.6 4.7 4.9 5.2 5.3
Germany 5.1 5.1 4.7 4.9 4.9
Ghana 3.4 3.8 3.6 3.4 3.4
Greece 4.1 4.1 4.0 3.8 3.9
Greenland
Grenada
Guam
Guatemala 4.2 4.2 4.2 3.9 3.9
Guinea 3.3 3.4
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana 2.8 3.3 3.5 3.6 3.9
Haiti 2.5 2.4 2.3
Honduras 4.0 4.2 4.0 3.7 3.5
Hong Kong SAR, China 6.1 6.5 6.2 6.1 6.1
Hungary 4.3 4.3 4.5 4.7 4.8
Iceland 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.1 5.3
India 3.9 4.0 3.8 3.8 3.8
Indonesia 3.7 3.9 3.9 4.0 4.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.5
Iraq
Ireland 5.1 5.2 5.2 5.3 5.4
Isle of Man
Israel 4.0 4.3 4.7 4.5 4.4
Italy 4.0 4.2 4.0 4.1 4.1
Jamaica 3.4 3.8 3.7 3.5 3.4
Japan 4.4 4.6 4.7 4.8 5.0
Jordan 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.5 4.6
Kazakhstan 3.3 3.5 3.5 3.9 4.0
Kenya 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.4 3.6
Kiribati
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Korea, Rep. 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.4
Kosovo
Kuwait 3.5 4.1 4.1 3.7 3.7
Kyrgyz Republic 2.8 3.0 2.8 3.0 3.2
Lao PDR 4.2
Latvia 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.3
Lebanon 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.4
Lesotho 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.4 3.7
Liberia 4.5 3.9
Libya 3.5 3.5 3.3 2.9
Liechtenstein
Lithuania 4.8 4.8 4.5 4.5 4.6
Luxembourg 5.8 5.7 5.5 5.5 5.4
Macao SAR, China
Macedonia, FYR 4.0 4.3 4.2 4.4 4.6
Madagascar 3.6 3.9 3.4 3.3 3.5
Malawi 3.7 3.9 3.8 3.3 3.4
Malaysia 4.8 4.8 5.0 5.0 5.0
Maldives
Mali 3.7 4.1 4.1 4.1 3.8
Malta 4.8 5.0 4.9 4.9 4.8
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 4.0 4.5 4.1 4.0 3.3
Mauritius 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.6
Mexico 3.7 3.9 4.1 4.0 4.0
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova 3.4 3.5 3.5 3.4
Monaco
Mongolia 3.1 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.1
Montenegro 4.0 4.3 4.5 4.3 4.1
Morocco 4.1 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.3
Mozambique 3.1 3.7 3.7 3.5 3.4
Myanmar 3.3
Namibia 4.2 4.2 4.1 3.8 4.0
Nepal 3.1 3.4 3.4 3.5 3.3
Netherlands 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.4 5.5
New Caledonia
New Zealand 5.9 5.8 5.8 6.0 5.9
Nicaragua 3.8 3.6 3.0 3.1 3.5
Niger
Nigeria 3.1 3.1 3.5 3.6 3.2
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.0 5.1
Oman 5.1 5.2 5.0 4.9 5.1
Pakistan 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.7 3.7
Palau
Panama 4.3 4.4 4.2 4.4 4.7
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay 3.6 3.8 3.9 4.1 4.0
Peru 3.8 4.5 4.4 4.1 4.1
Philippines 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.2 3.2
Poland 3.9 4.3 4.4 4.3 4.2
Portugal 4.9 4.9 4.7 4.8 4.9
Puerto Rico 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.8 5.0
Qatar 4.5 4.9 4.8 5.1 5.4
Romania 4.1 3.9 3.3 3.0 3.3
Russian Federation 2.7 2.9 2.8 2.9 3.3
Rwanda 4.8 5.3 5.6 5.4
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia 4.8 4.9 5.0 4.8 4.5
Senegal 4.4 4.7 4.7 4.8 4.7
Serbia 3.3 3.6 3.7 3.5 3.4
Seychelles 4.4 4.2
Sierra Leone 3.0 3.3
Singapore 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.2
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 4.7 4.4 4.3 4.3 4.3
Slovenia 5.4 5.2 5.0 4.9 4.8
Solomon Islands
Somalia
South Africa 4.3 4.4 4.2 4.3 4.3
South Sudan
Spain 4.4 4.6 4.5 4.6 4.9
Sri Lanka 3.7 4.2 4.4 4.3 4.1
St. Kitts and Nevis
St. Lucia
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Sudan
Suriname 2.9 3.4 3.4 3.4
Swaziland 3.5 3.4 3.0 3.0
Sweden 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.5 5.5
Switzerland 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.0 5.1
Syrian Arab Republic 2.9 2.8 2.9
Tajikistan 3.2 3.6 3.6 3.7
Tanzania 3.0 3.4 3.6 3.4 3.2
Thailand 4.1 4.1 3.9 3.8 3.9
Timor-Leste 3.0 3.4 3.3 3.1
Togo
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago 2.8 3.1 3.0 3.0 3.1
Tunisia 4.2 4.7 4.6 3.8
Turkey 3.4 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.8
Turkmenistan
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 3.4 4.1 4.4 4.2 3.7
Ukraine 3.0 3.0 2.8 2.8 3.0
United Arab Emirates 5.9 5.8 5.6 5.8 5.9
United Kingdom 4.6 4.8 4.9 5.1 5.2
United States 4.6 4.5 4.3 4.5 4.8
Uruguay 3.8 4.0 4.2 4.2 4.2
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu
Venezuela, RB 1.8 2.2 2.3 2.1 1.8
Vietnam 3.6 3.6 3.4 3.4 3.5
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza
Yemen, Rep. 2.9 3.1 3.3
Zambia 3.8 4.2 4.1 4.3 4.3
Zimbabwe 3.0 3.6 3.8 3.4 3.1

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